Robot Birth -- Research Summary
BACKGROUND: During delivery, perinatal asphyxia is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in newborns. The risk is high in pre-term and term infants. Correct assistance during the first minutes of life is crucial. There are a few interventions that can be performed, like gentle airway cleaning, good ventilation and maintaining a good blood pressure. Permanent brain damages are related not only to the length and the severity of asphyxia but mainly to the cardiac activity and to the circulation. In infant mortality, the United States ranks 27th among industrialized nations. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140204074039.htm; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11424616)
SIGNS/SYMPTOMS: Fortunately, most newborns thrive, but for every 1,000 babies that are born, six die during their first year. Most of the babies die because they are born with a serious birth defect, born too small and too early or there are maternal complications. Some other causes are placenta, cord or membrane complications, respiratory distress, bacteria sepsis, neonatal hemorrhage, or circulatory system diseases. (Source: http://www.cdc.gov/features/dsinfantdeaths/index.html; http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/maternalinfanthealth/infantmortality.htm)
NEW TECHNOLOGY: Robots are now being used to train doctors and nurses so they can respond quickly to newborn distress. The robot, Noelle, is a full-sized mannequin that can give birth and be used to simulate a variety of obstetrical, medical and surgical emergencies. There is also a baby mannequin, “Hal”, which is used in the training. Simulation training can be accomplished with no risk to the patient. According to The Valley Hospital, it also allows nurses, physicians and members of the health care team practice and reviews their performance. It is also valuable in high-risk, low frequency occurrences, which staff may not see often in their careers. (Source: http://www.valleyhealth.com/valley_newsdesc.aspx?newsid=1504) MORE.
FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT:
Beth McGovern, MSN, RNC-OB
Clinical Practice Specialist
The Valley Hospital