Smoking Raises Risk of Death for NPC Survivors
(Ivanhoe Newswire) –Former or current smokers who are also survivors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) are more likely to have their disease progress, relapse, or spread, and are more likely to die of their disease, compared with survivors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma who have never smoked.
Fang-Yun Xie, MD, professor in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center in Guangzhou, China, and colleagues followed 1,849 newly diagnosed people. They gathered information on smoking and drinking history, and demographics. During follow-up, eight percent of the patients developed loco regional relapse, about 13 percent had their disease spread to distant organs, and 20 percent died of their disease.
Researchers also discovered that among all nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients, those who smoked heavily were 3.3-fold more likely to die, 2.5-fold more likely to have their disease progress, and 2.7-fold more likely to have their disease spread to distant organs, compared with those who did not smoke. Both former and current smokers were impacted equally.
For more information, go to: http://www.aacr.org/home/public--media/aacr-in-the-news.aspx?d=3214
SOURCE: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, November 2013
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